About File Type Control

About File Type Control

Watch a video about File Type Control

By default, the service allows the upload and download of all file types. Use the File Type Control policy to restrict the upload and download of various types of files. For example, you can block audio (.mp3, .wav, etc.) and video files (.avi, .mp4, .mpeg, etc.) so they do not interfere with your bandwidth utilization. You can define rules to restrict the transmission of various files and apply them to individuals, groups, departments, and locations. Zscaler also has a recommended policy for File Type Control.

You can also create rules for unknown file types. Zscaler performs MIME type checks for files it cannot initially identify, and any file that falls outside of well-defined MIME types for common apps is tagged as an unknown file type. To recognize the file types inside archive files, the Zscaler service also scans ZIP, 7-Zip, GZIP, TAR, and RAR files.

You can allow, caution or block uploading, downloading or both. When you choose the Caution action, the service displays a warning before it allows the user to perform the action. When the service blocks users, it displays a notification. The content of the block notification is configured in the End User Notification page.

File Type Control is associated with URL filtering and is not available for cloud apps. For example, to block file attachments in Gmail, select the Webmail URL category.

To see how this policy fits into the overall order of policy enforcement, see How does the Zscaler service enforce policies?

About the File Type Control Page

On the File Type Control page (Policy > File Type Control), you can do the following:

  1. View the recommended policy for File Type Control.
  2. Configure the File Type Control policy.
  3. Search for a configured File Type Control rule.
  4. View a list of all configured File Type Control rules. For each rule, you can see the following:
    • Rule Order: The rule order number. File Type Control rules are evaluated in ascending numerical order.
    • Admin Rank: The assigned admin rank for the rule. This is visible only if admin ranking is enabled in the Advanced Settings.
    • Rule Name: The name of the rule.
    • Criteria: The defined criteria of the rule (e.g., selected File Types, URL Categories, Users, etc.).
    • Action: Displays if the rule status and whether the selected file types are allowed, blocked, or cautioned when uploaded and/or downloaded.
    • Description: The description of the rule, if available.
  5. Edit a configured File Type Control rule.
  6. Duplicate a configured File Type Control rule.
  7. Modify the table and its columns.

Screenshot of File Type Control page showing buttons and list used to manage Zscaler file type control policies